Tendonitis is the inflammation of the tendons, which are the thick cords that attach muscle to bone. This is often caused by sports related injuries, such as tennis elbow, but can also form due to many repetitive motions in everyday work related activities. Pain usually occurs where the tendon attaches to the muscle and can gradually build over time or be sudden and severe, if the damage is significant. It can occur in almost any area of the body, since muscle is a major part of everyday functions and movements, however the most commonly affected parts of the body are the:
Without proper treatment the risk of rupturing a tendon becomes greater. A rupture is very painful and will most likely require surgical repair and a much longer recovery time. Through proper physical therapy, plenty of rest, ice, compression, and a customized home exercise program, further injury can be prevented and pain can be minimized.
Tendonitis can be prevented by using proper form when performing repeated motions. Stretch breaks and strengthening exercises are also very simple and effective practices to prevent injury.